Musa x paradisiaca
Bananas and plantains are very closely related. Plantains,
however, are used more like a starch than a fruit. Both are native to East
Asia and Australia but are now grown throughout the tropics. Though commonly
called "trees", they are actually the world's largest herbaceous plants,
as they do not develop woody stems like trees.
The stems of this grass plant can reach 10 feet tall
and are rich in sugar. The stems are crushed to extract the sweet juice,
which is then processed to obtain sugar. Sugar cane is native to New Guinea.
It was introduced into the New World by Columbus on his second voyage in
Nutmeg and mace come from different parts of the same
fruit. Nutmeg is the seed and mace is the red net-like fiber (aril) that
surrounds the seed. Nutmeg is native to the Moluccas (Spice Islands).